Print ISSN:-2394-4781

Online ISSN:-2394-4994

CODEN : IJCACT

Article History

Received : 02-04-2021

Accepted : 31-05-2021

Available online : 11-11-2021



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Controlled comparison of ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine, clonidine and magnesium sulphate as adjuvant in caudal epidural block in paediatric population for infra-umbilical surgeries


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Original Article

Author Details : Vijaylaxmi Singh, Vandana Trivedi, Guriqbal Singh*

Volume : 8, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 501-506

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijca.2021.109



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Abstract

Background and Aims: Caudal analgesia and anaesthesia is one of the safest and widely used methods for pain relief in paediatric population. Aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of dexmedetomidine, clonidine, magnesium sulphate as adjuvants to 0.25% ropivacaine in caudal anaesthesia for enhancement of duration of analgesia as well as to determine safety of the blockade in paediatric population.
Materials and Methods: It is prospective, randomised, double-blinded study in which eighty children (2–8 years), belonging to American society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II scheduled for infra-umbilical surgeries were randomised into four groups namely: group R; Inj. Ropivacaine 0.25%, Group D; inj.ropivacaine 0.25% with adjuvant dexmedetomidine 0.5 ?g/kg, Group C; inj.ropivacaine 0.25% with clonidine 1 ?g /kgs, group M; inj.ropivacaine 0.25% with magnesium sulphate 50 mgs. The primary outcomes of study were time to onset of block and duration of analgesia. The secondary outcome was to study haemodynamic stability and adverse effects.
Results: Duration of analgesia was significantly longer (f=855.4778 and p<0 xss=removed> Conclusion: Addition of above-mentioned drugs as adjuvants to 0.25% ropivacaine in caudal block significantly prolonged the duration of post?operative analgesia with least effect on haemodynamic profile or any other significant adverse effects.
 

Keywords: Caudal anaesthesia, Clonidine, Dexmedetomidine, Magnesium sulphate, Ropivacaine.



How to cite : Singh V, Trivedi V, Singh G, Controlled comparison of ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine, clonidine and magnesium sulphate as adjuvant in caudal epidural block in paediatric population for infra-umbilical surgeries. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2021;8(4):501-506


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)







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