Print ISSN:-2394-4781

Online ISSN:-2394-4994


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Received : 03-02-2021

Accepted : 15-02-2021

Available online : 10-09-2021

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Anesthetic management of an achondroplastic dwarf with difficult airway and kyphoscoliosis for total abdominal hysterectomy

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Case Report

Author Details : Jyoti P Deshpande, Jyoti H Kale, Madhavi R Godbole, Tejaswini L Phalke*

Volume : 8, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 475-478

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Achondroplasia is a common form of dwarfism and possesses multiple anesthetic challenges including securing of intravenous line, monitoring and calculating drug dosage, spine abnormality, difficulty in mask ventilation and endotracheal intubation, obesity, cardiopulmonary and neurological system abnormality. There is multiple systems involvement, therefore thorough preanesthetic check ups, investigations and planning for anesthesia is important. Here we came across 36 years old female patient, achondroplasic dwarf (height- 100cm) with thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis, fused cervical spine, short neck and restricted neck movement with mild pulmonary restrictive disease for total abdominal hysterectomy. Patient also had complained of generalized weakness and fatigue. She had a limited neck extension and short neck possesses anticipated difficult intubation, therefore we planned awake fiberoptic intubation with smaller size endotracheal tube for airway management and general anesthesia in a patient with difficult airway and spine for total abdominal hysterectomy. As the spread of the drug in regional anesthesia is unpredicted, we planned general anesthesia with awake fiberoptic intubation to avoid the risk of neurological injury while extending the neck during laryngoscopy for tracheal intubation due to restricted neck movement.

Keywords: Achondroplasia, Awake fiberoptic intubation, Difficult intubation, Thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis, Restricted neck movement, Dexmedetomidine.

How to cite : Deshpande J P, Kale J H, Godbole M R, Phalke T L, Anesthetic management of an achondroplastic dwarf with difficult airway and kyphoscoliosis for total abdominal hysterectomy. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2021;8(3):475-478

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (

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