Print ISSN:-2394-4781

Online ISSN:-2394-4994

CODEN : IJCACT

Article History

Received : 17-08-2020

Accepted : 06-02-2021

Available online : 01-06-2021



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Comparison of post-operative analgesic effect between Pregabalin and Gabapentin given as premedication drugs for patients undergoing laproscopic cholecystectomy


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Original Article

Author Details : Rasikapriya Madhanagopal, Arun Kumar Balasubramanian*, Priyanka S Gowda, Brindha Rathnasabapathy, R Shankar

Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 179-184

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijca.2021.037



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Abstract

Background: Currently most of the anesthetist prefer the usage of multimodal analgesia technique to improve the degree of pain relief without inducing any side effects. Pregabalin and gabapentin when given
in higher doses reduces the preoperative anxiety and induce sedation without causing undesirable side effects.
Aim: To compare and evaluate the effects of premedication drugs Pregabalin or Gabapentin versus placebo for attenuation of postoperative pain among patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under
general anaesthesia.
Materials and Methods: A prospective comparative study was conducted for a period of 6 months in the department of anesthesiology of our medical college hospital. A total of 90 patients posted for elective laproscopic cholecystectomy in the age group between 20 and 60 years were taken as our study subjects. The entire study subjects were randomized into three groups of 30 each. Group B subjects received 3 tablets of Beplex forte (as placebo), Group G subjects received 3 tablets of Gabapentin 300mg (total 900mg) and Group P subjects received 3 tablets of Pregabalin 50mg (total 150mg). Post-operatively degree of pain, requirement for rescue analgesia, sedation score and adverse events occurred was monitored and analysed
between the three groups.
Results: Pain score was less in the pregabalin group at all intervals compared to gabapentin and placebo group and the difference was found to be statistically significant. Maximum amount of tramadol requirement as a part of rescue analgesia was seen in the placebo group followed by gabapentin group and minimal dose requirement was needed for pregabalin group and the difference was found to be statistically significant. The occurrence of adverse events such as somnolence and dizziness was almost similar in all the three groups whereas the incidence of nausea and vomiting was less in pregabalin group compared to gabapentin and placebo group.
Conclusion: Pregabalin can be effectively used as a part of the multimodal analgesic to prevent acute postoperative pain among patients undergoing elective laproscopic cholecystectomy.

Keywords: Pregabalin, Gabapentin, Post-operative analgesia, Premedication.



How to cite : Madhanagopal R , Balasubramanian A K , Gowda P S , Rathnasabapathy B , Shankar R , Comparison of post-operative analgesic effect between Pregabalin and Gabapentin given as premedication drugs for patients undergoing laproscopic cholecystectomy. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2021;8(2):179-184


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)