Author Details :
Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021
Article Page : 172-178
Background: Transplantation provides a near normal life and excellent rehabilitation compared to dialysis and is preferred method of treatment for end stage renal disease patients.
Materials and Methods: After ethics committee approval, a retrospective analysis of recipients of renal transplantation was done at our hospital from January 2010 to December 2014. Preoperative patient status, fluid management, hemodynamic parameters, anesthesia management, and perioperative complications were recorded and analyzed.
Results: Total 100 patients were recorded, 92% living and 8% were cadaveric related transplant. 92% were done electively. Most common co-morbidity recorded was hypertension in 49% patients. Predominant cause of end stage renal disease was chronic glomerulonephritis (41%). General anesthesia was technique of choice in all patients, 27 also received epidural. Invasive blood pressure monitoring was done in 3 patients with cardiac co-morbidities. 15% patients required blood transfusion. CVP maintained > 12 mmHg and maximum at de-clamping. Mean arterial pressure maintained above 95 mmHg. Ionotropic support required in 2 patients. 76% patients were transfused with only crystalloid (NS and/or RL) while 24 patients received a combination of both crystalloid and colloid. 97% patients were extubated postoperatively while 3% required ventilator support. Recovery time with desflurane was significantly less as compared to other inhalational agents. One patient died postoperatively.
Conclusion: Recent advances in surgical techniques, anesthesia management and immunosuppressive drugs have made renal transplantation safe and predictable. Preoperative patient optimization, intraoperative physiological stability and postoperative care of renal transplant patients have contributed to the success of renal transplant program in our hospital.
Keywords: Anesthesia management, End stage renal disease, Renal transplant.
How to cite : Tiwari P , Kulkarni A , Mathkar S , Anesthesia management of renal transplantation: A retrospective analysis. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2021;8(2):172-178
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